The 10 Most Common Injuries Sustained in a Car Crash
Car accidents may cause a wide variety of injuries that range in severity depending on the type of impact, the angle, and rate of speed involved. Below is a brief overview of the 10 most common categories—in no particular order—of car accident injuries, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
1. Traumatic brain injuries
Any blow to the head or piercing head injury could cause brain damage in the form of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This may be mild, such as a concussion that heals on its own after a short period of rest, or a severe injury that causes incapacitation or long-term or permanent impairment of speech, concentration, memory, vision and emotional control.
2. Head injuries
Beyond TBI, there are many other types of head injuries that are common in auto accidents. These include eye injuries, ear injuries, facial or jaw fractures and dental injuries, which can include loss of teeth or more severe, long-term conditions.
3. Back injuries
Back injuries are quite common in auto accidents. The nature and severity of the injury typically depends on the speed of the crash and the type of collision. Some injuries are minor and result in temporary lower back pain. On the other end of the spectrum, some spinal injuries could result in partial or total paralysis. Examples of back injuries include broken vertebrae, slipped discs and pinched spinal nerves.
4. Neck injuries
The most common example of a neck injury suffered in an auto accident is whiplash, a category of injuries to the upper section of the spin or vertebrae that can involve sprains, breaks or simple chronic pain.
5. Chest injuries
The sheer force of impact during a car wreck can result in broken ribs or a cracked sternum, especially if the driver was not wearing a seatbelt. Fortunately, the severity of chest injuries has been drastically reduced in general thanks to the placement of airbags in motor vehicles.
6. Diaphragm injuries
Diaphragm ruptures are relatively common serious crashes. They involve muscle tears across the bottom of the rib cage. This typically happens because of either blunt or penetrating trauma to the lower chest region.
7. Pelvic and abdominal injuries
Examples of these injuries include hip fractures and injuries to various abdominal organs, such as the liver, spleen and kidneys. These organ injuries are especially common in front- or side-impact collisions.
8. Leg and knee injuries
Most leg and knee injuries that happen in car crashes happen on impact or if the vehicle is crushed. Injuries may range from minor wounds and contusions to major fractures and ligament tears.
9. Foot and wrist injuries
It’s common for people to experience injuries to ankles, feet, toes, wrists and hands after they have been involved in an auto accident.
10. Catastrophic injuries
Severe accidents can lead to less-common catastrophic injuries, such as severed or severely damaged limbs. These tend to be factors in motorcycle accidents more often than crashes involving conventional automobiles.
To learn about your legal options after a serious auto accident, work with a trusted South Carolina personal injury lawyer at The Rembert Law Firm.